dirasat nafsiyat wa tarbawiyat https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT <p><strong>Dirasat Nafsiat wa Tarbaweyat </strong> (Psychological &amp; Educational Studies), is a biannual, specialized, non-profit, open access scientific journal that is issued, edited and published by Kasdi Merbah University of Ouargla, Algeria; and emerged from the Research Laboratory of the Developing psycho-educational practices. It was founded in 2008, appearing in two issues per year (December and June).</p> <p>Because the journal was indexed in 2018, the number of submissions increased considerably. Thus, a third issue was temporarily added (February, June, and October). In 2021, we returned to the biannual publishing, that is two issues per year: february, august.</p> <p>It is interested in the dissemination of original applied research, which has not been previously published and which is treated in a documented scientific method in the field of psychological and educational field, subjects as, counseling psychology, teaching /learning methods, classroom evaluation and assessment, mental health at school, human relations at school, and drop-out-of- school.</p> <p><br /><strong><span lang="en-US">published by:</span></strong><span lang="en-US"> University Kasdi Merbah Ouargla<br /></span><strong><span lang="en-US">Online ISSN</span></strong><span lang="en-US"> 2588-2538<br /></span><strong><span lang="en-US">Print ISSN </span></strong><span lang="en-US">1112-9263<br /></span><strong><span lang="en-US">Editor In chief:</span></strong><span lang="en-US"> Pr. </span><strong><span lang="en-US"><span style="font-weight: normal;">nadia Bouchellaleg</span></span></strong></p> <p> </p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in; line-height: 100%;"> </p> Kasdi Merbah Ouargla University en-US dirasat nafsiyat wa tarbawiyat 1112-9263 Autism, confinement and teleconsultation: What challenges in the context of the covid-19 pandemic https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/328 <p>The difficulties of childhood in general, and particularly within the spectrum of autism, are among the psychological problems that are of great interest to scientists of various specialties. These difficulties have grown following the circumstances we have experienced since the beginning of the year 2020. Namely, the arrival of an unknown virus as well as the deaths and the forced confinement that followed, which caused the interruption of many medical and psychiatric processes and follow-ups, thus plunging parents and children into deep disarray. It is for this reason that we will propose in what follows, a look at the essence of strategies proposed to this segment of the population. With the help of case studies, we will look at the effectiveness of these proposals for the children concerned and their families</p> Fatiha Benmouffok Leila Koufi Radia Hadjam Samia Bouamar Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1177 1186 COVID-19 Awareness Survey Data, Knowledge and behavior among Sétif students https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/329 <p>COVID-19 is a serious infectious disease caused by the novel Coronavirus; SARS-CoV-2. It causes acute respiratory problems. This virus is highly infectious and can be transmitted by droplets or by close contact.<br>These data presents a survey data describing COVID19 awareness, knowledge and related behaviors among Sétif students. The data were collected from students through a survey distributed by an online questionnaire, assessing personal information (four items), COVID knowledge (five items), and related behaviors (one item), from April until June 2020. The samples consisted of 500 students who were willing to fill an online questionnaire. Microsoft Excel 2013 was used to present the data.<br>The results showed that the cultural level of the students reflects a large knowledge of this virus, its contagion, its transmission and the methods of prevention.</p> Meriem Elkolli Ouahiba Gherbi Rahma Khaber Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1169 1176 Covid-19 and new roles allocated to the Algerian University https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/330 <p>Too long eccentric and marginalized in relation to the society for which it should work primary, the Algerian university, found itself due to the suddenness and the magnitude of the Covid-19 pandemic, very destitute, almost without means and without strategies to deal with it.<br>His total dependence on supervision in the decision-making for solidarity networking, the mobilization of his staff and students, scientific expertise, the proposal of solutions and in his own support period, really disqualified him.<br>In fact, we were interested in the possible operating methods of this institutions, real social locomotive in times of crisis, especially health crises, as we know by calling on teachers, students and administrative officials at two large universities : Algiers 2 and Constantine 2 and a few health professionals- doctors and psychologists.<br>The results indicated the revisions of its intellectual paradigms and its missions.</p> Sabrina Gahar Antissar Sahraoui Youcef Maache Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1158 1168 From online education to e-containment: a look back at the experience of French teachers at university during the Coronavirus https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/331 <p>The objective of this contribution is to draw up an inventory of online teaching during a period of confinement. It is about presenting the representations of a new experience, strewn with pitfalls, encountered by most university teachers and more particularly those of the department of letters and French language at Mentouri Constantine 1 University.<br>Our approach is based on a questionnaire administered to these teachers, aimed at identifying the strategies deployed by them in order to make contact with their students, pass on teachable knowledge and assess knowledge.<br>The results show us that the asynchronous mode dominates the other modes of distance education, no doubt due to the ease of use of the e-mail and the faculty site, excluding almost any form of real-time communication such as “chat” or videoconferencing, thus posing problems of monitoring and evaluation.</p> Antar Bensakesli Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1144 1157 Challenges and perspectives of distance teaching in Algerian higher education https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/332 <p>The objective of this contribution is to draw up an inventory of online teaching during a period of confinement. It is about presenting the representations of a new experience, strewn with pitfalls, encountered by most university teachers and more particularly those of the department of letters and French language at Mentouri Constantine 1 University.<br>Our approach is based on a questionnaire administered to these teachers, aimed at identifying the strategies deployed by them in order to make contact with their students, pass on teachable knowledge and assess knowledge.<br>The results show&nbsp; that the asynchronous mode dominates the other modes of distance education, no doubt due to the ease of use of the e-mail and the faculty site, excluding almost any form of real-time communication such as “chat” or videoconferencing, thus posing problems of monitoring and evaluation.</p> Salah ARRAR Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1116 1128 Dissertation Writing amid Covid-19: Challenges, Consequences, and Responses https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/333 <p>Coronavirus disease has challenged and affected teachers, students, and researchers worldwide. This study reports the problems and impacts that the English language Master students experienced in writing their dissertations (at Mohamed Seddik Ben Yahia University, Jijel) amid Coronavirus pandemic and describes how they coped. A questionnaire was administered to 12 supervisors and 33 Master candidates. The Results indicate that the students faced problems like the decline in mental health and deficiency in telecommunication means, which resulted, for instance, in the tardiness of assignment completion and lower quality end-products. However, the students, teachers, and administration employed successful coping strategies and the students discovered new research techniques such as Google Form questionnaires. Consequently, this study suggests a better preparation of the Algerian students, teachers, and universities to remote education through information and communication technologies and online skill-training.</p> Slimane Boukhentache Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1129 1143 Effects of Coronavirus Pandemic on Education in Algeria: Challenges of Transition to Online Education https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/334 <p>This study investigates the effects of coronavirus outbreak on education and the challenges of transition to online education.<br>based on information reported in different studies about the effects of coronavirus pandemic on education as well as information and statistics obtained from the Algerian government and Algerian ministry of health, we have applied a theoretical analytical approach.<br>The coronavirus outbreak poses serious concerns to global education systems. Because school closure was a strategic measure to prevent the outbreak of coronavirus pandemic, Algeria, like many other countries, has temporarily closed all educational institutions (schools and universities). The use of technology, in such situations, to support teaching and learning has become an essential skill. So, all educational institutions, educators, and learners must adopt technology, and improve their digital skills, in order to mitigate the effects of coronavirus on education.</p> Zakia LAMRAOUI Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1108 1115 Health Belief Model for modification etiological beliefs about Panic disorder resulting outbreaks infection of New Coronavirus (COVID 19) https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/335 <p>Compensatory health beliefs and their relation to health self-regulation, the idea of health promotion is set from the philosophy that good health and outcome of the accumulative personal achievement. It includes, on the individual run, developing the health habits at an early stage. This study predicting of panic disorder with outbreaks of New Coronavirus' Health Risk in Algeria has greater attention should be paid to psychological crisis intervention among affected populations, developing health includes an intervention system aiming at helping people perform healthy practices and change those practices that damage health. Literatures indicate that individual when performing an unhealthy practice; this refers to certain health problem for example; Panic Disorder (PD) of outbreak New Coronavirus (COVID19) would lead to a change his behavior and activities a compensatory for the unhealthy behavior.<br>The sample included 300 Underwent quarantine with suspicions of infection who participated in this study treatments of Etiological beliefs about Panic Disorder (PD). Regression analyses revealed that sex, duration of PD and Positive psychological condition, Negative behaviors that increase outbreaks (COVID 19), and Etiological beliefs about Panic Disorder (PD). Results are preliminary and further research is needed to understand more the factors that etiological beliefs about Panic Disorder (PD) resulting from outbreaks infection of new Coronavirus (COVID 19) uses Health Belief Model (HBM).<br>In addition, the study draws important implications on others affected to overcome any psychological difficulties through using the health belief model.</p> Salim Keffane Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1093 1106 Supervision of master's theses at the time of Covid-19 impact and lessons learned https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/336 <p>The suspension of all educational activities during the Covid-19 health crisis in all Algerian university establishments had significant repercussions on teaching / learning in general and on the supervision and writing of master's theses in particular. The social distancing measures imposed by the pandemic context have guided teachers towards researching and adopting new communication alternatives in order to effectively replace face-to-face work.<br>This contribution examines the repercussions of the coronavirus pandemic on the supervision of master's theses. Indeed, this study is based on the analysis of the results of a questionnaire administered to teachers in the French department of the University of Constantine.<br>Analysis of the data collected showed that the Covid-19 pandemic had both advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, the results of this study confirm that the deadlines and quality of writing dissertations were negatively affected; on the other hand, computer literacy among teachers has improved remarkably.</p> Mehdi Bendieb Aberkane Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1051 1064 The impact of the Coronavirus (Covid-19) on the actors and components of the educational system https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/338 <p>The COVID-19 crisis has led several countries to close their schools, heavily disrupting the learning process of many pupils and students, as well as their families. During this period, distance-learning solutions were implemented to ensure pedagogical continuity. But, despite all these measures, school closures according to several studies could have negative effects on education systems around the world.<br>This article aims to know the effects of the virus on education systems around the world, based on the content analysis of the results of studies and reports on the Covid-19 disease that have been carried out by researchers, international institutions and organizations such as (UNESCO, UNICEF, World Bank, OECD, and African Bank).<br>The results showed that this virus has significant and varied negative effects on the actors and components of the education system.</p> mahmoud Smaili saida benamara Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1025 1034 The work organization within the covid-19 department of Akbou Hospital ; what risks for his nurses? https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/339 <p>The present study allowed to carry out a qualitative assessment of the nursing care activities of the Covid-19 department of Akloul Ali Hospital in Akbou.<br>An analysis of the activity made by direct observations describes the dimensions of the organization of work which are decisive for the activity of nursing. Interviews were carried out with ten nurses to identify situations of overflow to which nurses are exposed and to show the impact of these situations on risk-taking.<br>The results showed that the actual design of tasks, the organization of working time and the organization of the workplace are determining dimensions for the activity of nurses within the Covid-19 service. They have also shown that overflow situations have arisen when prescribed injunctions collide with real injunctions and real determinants; which leads to a breach of the rules as a lever to manage certain crisis situations and exposes nurses to various risks.</p> Fiadh BENKERROU Hassen AMGHAR AMGHAR Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1007 1024 Return to University during the Corona Virus pandemic and its Impact on The degree of apparent anxiety among students https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/340 <p>the purpose of this study is to know the effect of the Covid 19 pandemic on the degree of apparent anxiety in university students, who return to their university after an interruption of more than 9 months due to the fear of outbreak of the epidemic, and this despite the fact that the number of detected cases continued to increase, which led to a kind of tension and anxiety among the students.<br>The methodology used is the descriptive approach. The field study was conducted on a sample of 324 students from Mouloud Mammeri University from different disciplines, where the Taylor Apparent Anxiety Scale (translated by Mustafa Fahmy) was usedm.<br>The results of the study showed that the students have a high degree of anxiety, especially With the increase in the number of detected cases and the number of deaths and the fear of the second wave of the pandemic and the development of the virus.</p> Hayat Boudjemline Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1080 1092 Learner Autonomy in Distance Learning under the Circumstance of Corona virus: Challenges and Opportunities https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/341 <p>After the spread of Corona virus, the Algerian government like many other countries has closed its universities. This crisis has led the ministry of higher education and scientific research to adopt online-courses. Formal learning has, most of the time, been associated to inside classroom practices and activities; however, little attention is given to learning outside the classroom in the absence of the teacher.<br>Thus, this paper attempts to explore the effectiveness of distance learning as an alternative option to cope with this unprecedented situation and to develop learner autonomy. Two questionnaires were administered to 22 teachers and 72 students at Ahmed Zabana University of Relizane-Algeria- via email and Facebook. The respondents of this research include 10 teachers and 38 EFL students.<br>Results have shown that though distance learning is an appreciated method to make students experience autonomy during this time, it is still difficult and challenging due to students’ psychological instability, teachers’ lack of online teaching experience and bad network quality.</p> Benchaa Lakehal Fawzia Bouhass Benaissi Bouhass Benaissi Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 1065 1079 Multimedia and e-Learning in the time of COVID-19 https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/342 <p>The coronavirus pandemic COVID-19 has caused an unprecedented crisis in all areas, especially in the field of education, this emergency has led to the closure of institutions and schools. In this context and in order to compensate for the suspension of face-to-face courses and to ensure pedagogical continuity, governments have resorted to distance and online education (e-Learning), supported by multimedia technologies. In the face of this health crisis, one could say that it is this very expansion of multimedia technology that has facilitated distance learning. However, distance and online learning / teaching in addition to its effectiveness, it has some drawbacks.</p> Dalila Lebsir Yamina Medouri Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 997 1006 Recreational Sports Activities Programs and their Contribution to reduce Anxiety and Stress among Teachers under Quarantine Circumstances https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/343 <p>This study aims at recognizing the extent of sports activities programs contribution, to reducing acute anxiety and stress among teachers in the light of quarantine circumstances against corona pandemic.<br>Hence, this study was conducted on a purposive sample which included 150 teachers (males and females).<br>To achieve the goals of the study, a descriptive method was used through distributing questionnaire forms on the participants.<br>The percentage and the chi2 test were adopted to analyze and interpret the results.<br>The main results that were concluded are: sports activities programs of recreational nature have effective contribution to reducing acute anxiety and stress among teachers, especially in this phase we are going through (corona pandemic).</p> aissa Nadour seghir Messahli Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 981 996 Reflections on the conditions of speech therapy in the context of the Coronavirus Covid- 19 epidemic https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/344 <p>The pandemic raging in Algeria and the containment measures taken to control it have forced many speech therapists to cease their activity, particularly in the first months when covid 19 spread and caused hundreds of people to suffer. Measures derogating from the usual conditions of speech therapy have been put in place to ensure the continuity of care. Thus, given the evolution of the epidemic, our goal is to adapt to the current context to continue to exercise during the health crisis.<br>Actions are recommended during this difficult period constituting barrier gestures to the virus during the exercise of this function. Thus, we expose another vision of care, that of providing solutions and sharing them with patients by abandoning the therapeutic posture behind the desk.</p> Souhila Bouakkaze Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 955 963 Algerian students' view on distance formation in Covid-19 https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/348 <p>This research aims to test the perspective of Algerian students on distance learning in the era of the pandemic caused by the Corona virus. It aims to measure the satisfaction levels of these students and identify the difficulties encountered in order to make the necessary adjustments and / or improvements. It is based on the statistical analysis of a survey by an online questionnaire among 50 students enrolled at the University of Biskra. The results obtained show that the technical and environmental conditions of the training are not very favorable. They also highlight disparate levels of satisfaction, particularly with regard to the pedagogical quality of teaching and support for teachers, and trace the difficulties encountered by students during training. On the basis of the observations, a few recommendations were recommended which were considered important to improve training.</p> Ourida HEDDOUCHE Salah-Eddine HEDDOUCHE Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 964 980 Secondary School Students’ Critical Thinking within the Scope of Distance Education during Covid-19 Pandemic https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/350 <p>The announcement of schools’ closure due to Covid-19 pandemic for an undetermined period of time left Baccalaureate (Bac) students in a complete uncertainty as they were surely not prepared for such a situation. Having an exam by the end of the academic year, Bac students, had to adapt to distance education and its vagaries instead of the habitual face-to-face instruction. The present exploratory study investigates how both secondary school (SC) EFL Teachers and (SC) FL students have managed to prepare for the Bac exam in the light of the pandemic and distance education as well as the place of critical thinking (CT) in distance instruction. For that, in parallel with the literature review, the researcher opted for a quantitative approach using questionnaires as research tools, one addressed to 102 3rd year SC FL students and another to 121 SC EFL teachers. The findings showed that CT is important to distance teaching but distance instruction has a long way to go in the field of education in Algeria.</p> Sarra BOUDOUMI Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 943 954 The Fast OnsetCompassion Fatigue And Building Resilience Through Self-Compassion In Doctors Working In The COVID-19 Service https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/351 <p>Coronavirus has put the world in different and various crises, most of notably of which is the collapse of most countries’ health care systems -poor and developing ones in particular- This has further complicated the psychological state, especially for those on the forefront on the battle to fight this virus - doctors above all, who are the subject of our study. Doctors have been undergoing exceptional and unexpected conditions, that have negatively impacted both their mental and physical health, because of their constant contact with patients, and overinvestment in their suffering, and compassion on their case, in addition to fear of contagion. Their priorities, and goals have gotten mixed up in the midst of the commotion, which eventually showed symptoms of compassion fatigue burnout. Through this article, we aim to suggest some strategies that could pave the way to begin a resilient process to help doctors overcome the pressures they constantly live in, by relying on their sense of self-compassion development.<br>This article was based on the results of a considerable number of studies and research, which we summarize in seventeen studies, six of which were completed in 2020, four studies were completed in 2019 and three more studies were completed in 2018, and the rest of the studies varied between 2017 and 2015</p> Khaled Bouafia Hanan Taleb Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 929 942 The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Algerian Education https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/353 <p>Coronavirus has put the world in different and various crises, most of notably of which is the collapse of most countries’ health care systems -poor and developing ones in particular- This has further complicated the psychological state, especially for those on the forefront on the battle to fight this virus - doctors above all, who are the subject of our study. Doctors have been undergoing exceptional and unexpected conditions, that have negatively impacted both their mental and physical health, because of their constant contact with patients, and overinvestment in their suffering, and compassion on their case, in addition to fear of contagion. Their priorities, and goals have gotten mixed up in the midst of the commotion, which eventually showed symptoms of compassion fatigue burnout. Through this article, we aim to suggest some strategies that could pave the way to begin a resilient process to help doctors overcome the pressures they constantly live in, by relying on their sense of self-compassion development.<br>This article was based on the results of a considerable number of studies and research, which we summarize in seventeen studies, six of which were completed in 2020, four studies were completed in 2019 and three more studies were completed in 2018, and the rest of the studies varied between 2017 and 2015</p> Asma MERINE Mohamed Elamine MAIDI Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 903 912 The Impact of Change in Time and Space on Students’ Mental Health amidst the Covid-19 Quarantine https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/354 <p>Given the increased number of investigations on students’ mental health generally and during the Covid-19 quarantine specifically, it is imperative for educators and teachers to understand how best to provide the most suitable learning environment to foster students’ performance. The problem addressed in the present study is the impact of change in the physical learning environment, mainly time and space, on students’ mental health, and the extent to which it may be detrimental for students’ learning outcome.<br>The study implored a quantitative approach in assessing this impact, 129 students from the department of English at Teachers’ Higher College-ENS Laghouat have been sampled. After analysing the obtained data using SPSS 26.<br>The results of the study proved the presence of a significant impact of the physical learning environment on students’ mental health. On the basis of the results, some pedagogical recommendations are suggested to raise teachers’ awareness of the impact the learning atmosphere on students’ performance.</p> Maria BEY BOUMEZRAG Mohammed Seghir HALIMI Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 914 928 The Impacts of the Covid 19 on the Algerian Higher Education System: Distance Teaching and Learning https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/355 <p>The COVID-19 pandemic has caused the most serious disruption of education systems in the new millennium. Algeria is not of any exception since most of its institutions mainly in economy and education are still threatened causing the collapse of years of progress. However, the sanitary crisis has stimulated innovation within the education sector. Distance learning solutions have been developed as quick responses to the government in order to support the education follow up. The present paper provides a critical analysis of the online education in the Algerian universities during the pandemic crisis. An electronic interview designed to teachers and learners as a research design based on a mixed research methodology was implemented to set the future framework of a successful e-Learning in the Algerian Higher Education. The results show that Education Continuity through e-learning platforms remains a debatable concern especially during unexpected situations.</p> Salima MAOUCHE Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 885 902 Physicians’ trends towards the organizational climate in light of the repercussions of the corona virus https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/356 <p>This study aims at finding out the doctors ’attitudes towards the organizational climate of the health institution in the state of Skikda. a questionnaire was used in data collection; it was distributed on a sample of 40 doctors.<br>the results indicated:<br>-The presence of negative trends among doctors work conditions, after the the application of incentives and rewards system and after the pattern of supervision.<br>-the presence of positive trends towards communication and technology in light of the repercussions of the Corona virus.<br>Consequently, doctors have negative trends towards the organizational climate change in the health institution in light of the repercussions of the Corona virus.</p> Houda saker Djalele ddine bouattit Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 834 849 The attitudes of the female doctors towards the professional stress in the light of corona virus pandemic https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/357 <p>This study aims at finding out the doctors ’attitudes towards the organizational climate of the health institution in the state of Skikda. a questionnaire was used in data collection; it was distributed on a sample of 40 doctors.<br>the results indicated:<br>-The presence of negative trends among doctors work conditions, after the the application of incentives and rewards system and after the pattern of supervision.<br>-the presence of positive trends towards communication and technology in light of the repercussions of the Corona virus.<br>Consequently, doctors have negative trends towards the organizational climate change in the health institution in light of the repercussions of the Corona virus.</p> Nadjia bouteghrar lamri fantazi Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 820 833 The impact of the Spread of the Corona "Covid 19" Pandemic on the Degree of Appreciation of the Sense of Death Anxiety among A sample of the Parents of the University Students in Gaza Governorates https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/358 <p>The study aimed at identifying the effect of the spread of the Corona pandemic "Covid 19" in the degree of estimating the feeling of death anxiety among a sample of university students' parents in Gaza governorates in the light of variables: (sex, health level, social level), the study followed the descriptive approach in its analytical field, and the sample of the study was selected from (660) Parents of students of Al-Azhar University in Gaza governorates and the study tool consisted of a scale designed by the researcher, and the study found that the study estimated the impact of the prevalence of the Corona pandemic in the degree of anxiety of the parents of the university in Gaza governorates. University students in Gaza governorates received relative weight (43.28%) that' slow. The study also confirmed that there were no statistically significant differences between the average estimates of the individuals in the sample of the impact of the corona pandemic in the degree of estimation of the sense of anxiety of death in a sample of the parents of university students in the governorates of Gaza due to the sex variable. While, the study showed statistically significant differences due to the change in health level, the differences were in favour of the "chronically ill" and "often a normal disease". The study also showed statistically significant differences in the overall degree of resolution attributable to the change in the social level, and the differences were in favour of the poor families.</p> Fayez Al-Aswad Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 867 884 Post-traumatic stress disorder COVID-19 https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/359 <p>The current study aims at detecting the trauma disorder of infection with the Coronavirus Covid-19 in one 35-year-old case who has contracted the disease since July 2020, who was diagnosed using the clinical approach and case study, based on the fifth Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5), besides to content analysis of the semi-directed clinical interview conducted with the case.<br>The study indicated that the case suffered of psychological trauma as a result of infection with the Coronavirus Covid-19; the main symptoms of which are panic attacks, death anxiety, feeling frustrated, avoidance behavior, eating and sleep disturbance.</p> Chahrazed nouar salma Maache Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 810 819 Communication and health in Algeria between information and rumor: Diagnosis of students knowledge and sources of information about the Corona virus https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/360 <p>The sudden appearance of Covid 19 in the world has changed the communication and coexistence behavior of individuals. For its part, health in Algeria was not prepared to face a crisis marked by the rapid transmission of a new virus and a serious lack of information, which accelerated the emergence of rumors.<br>The present study diagnosed the knowledge and sources of information of a sample of young people that consisted of 120 students by distributing electronic questionnaires) on Covid 19 to determine the rumors and the reasons for their emergence.<br>Preliminary results confirmed that not all student’s information were correct, but instead contained rumors that were arisen for several reasons: -The absence versus the need for official information which was not sufficient.<br>-The novelty of the virus and the lack of consensus between specialists.<br>-Social networks made it easier to spread rumors and shared them.</p> Lylia SAIDOUN Manel NASRI Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 766 781 Social readiness for Corona virus in Algeria https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/361 <p>Since its emergence and spread, the current Corona virus (COF19) has become a hot and revered subject for study in various scientific fields, causing many researchers to learn about it and work on it for many purposes, either in pursuit of scientific knowledge, or in community participation.<br>So this article comes down to a central problematic that works on the social readiness of the corona virus from a sociological perspective that sometimes touches other scientific disciplines, such as psychology and health, in the light of which we have worked together to achieve a key goal that revolves around knowledge of the dimensions and indicators in the field of this readiness.<br>A questionnaire was distributed to a sample that consisted of 140 individuals in the city of Skikda.<br>The results indicated<br>-different dimensions of this readiness in terms of interacting with the spread of the virus, -increasing knowledge about it from multiple sources,<br>- and taking preventive measures to confront it.</p> Hakima Ouchenane Salah Chalabi Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 Psycho traumatic symptoms among those recovering from Covid-19 virus after hospitalization https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/362 <p>This study aimed at determining the psychological effects of trauma that may appear on people infected with Covid 19 after the hospitalization process.<br>The sample consisted of four cases who exhibited symptoms of the Corona virus, as they were in a real death showdown.<br>To find out, we relied on the Davidson PTSD scale and the semi-structured interview.<br>The results showed that all the cases presented the same pain symptoms to varying degrees (panic and avoidance symptoms. With different cognitive and behavioral changes (difficulty concentrating ...).</p> Razika bouchareb Abdelnacer Snani Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 800 809 Psychological security and its relationship to the motivation towards achievement among high school students in the Hebron-Palestine governorate in light of the Corona pandemic https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/363 <p>The study aimed at identifying the relationship between psychological security and motivation towards achievement among secondary school students in the Hebron governorate, and the study used the relational descriptive approach, as the study was conducted on a sample of (160) students from the secondary stage in the Directorate of Education in Central Hebron for the academic year. (2019/2020). They were chosen by simple random sampling method. The study found that the level of psychological security among secondary school students in the Hebron governorate was moderate, with an arithmetic average of (3.30) and a percentage of (66.0%). And that the level of achievement motivation was high, as the arithmetic average of the total score for achievement motivation was (3.97) with a percentage of (79.4%). The results showed the existence of a positive statistically significant positive relationship between psychological security and achievement motivation, where the correlation coefficient of the relationship between psychological security and achievement motivation reached (0.322) with a statistical significance (0.000)</p> Asmahan Muhammad At-Tahamah Fathi Zaggar Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 782 799 Covid 19 Pandemic Psychosocial Reflections on the Algerian Family https://dirasat-nafsiyat-wa-tarbawiyat.com/index.php/DNWT/article/view/364 <p>The study aims at examinng the psychological and social reflections caused by Covid 19 pandemic on the Algerian family in the city of Mascara.<br>For this purpose, the research adopted the descriptive approach and the interpretative one; and relying on the structural and functional theory.<br>As for the technique used to collect data, it is to be observation and interviewing. The results revealed that:<br>- Covid 19 represents a source of anxiety and fear for the family members.<br>-Poor social relationships under pandemic.</p> Souhila leghars Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 14 2 733 747